Aviation or air transport are the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry. Aircraft includes fixed-wing and rotary-wing types, morphable wings, wing-less lifting bodies, as well as lighter-than-air craft such as balloons and airships.
Aviation began in the 18th century with the development of the hot air balloon, an apparatus capable of atmospheric displacement through buoyancy. Some of the most significant advancements in aviation technology came with the controlled gliding flying of then a large step in significance came with the construction of the first powered airplane by the Wright brothers in the early . Since that time, aviation has been technologically revolutionized by the introduction of the jet which permitted a major form of transport throughout the world.
Airlines and airports also recognise how important it is that their employees enjoy life outside of work too to ensure their happiness at work. Going back to Virgin Atlantic for example, they offer their employees deals on holidays through Virgin Holidays, stretching the benefits to staff beyond simply the flight. And it doesn't stop there, with some airlines, flight crew qualify for discounts on rental cars and hotels and even some travel attractions while on holiday. These lifestyle benefits relate to home life as well with airlines and airports recognising that their employees have family commitments and offering them access to childcare vouchers, family leave, discounts in highstreet shops and subsidised nursery places. They also ensure that their health is looked after as their employees are entitled to join their health cash plan at a discounted rate. And pension schemes are key too as airlines and airports know that their employees will also need to plan for the future and a good pension scheme can be one of the benefits that make an employee become a long-term one.